Does your skin seem rough and peeling? And is it irritating as a reaction to external influences? With proper care of dry skin, you can recover the optimal level of hydration and strengthen the protective barrier of the skin. Dry skin usually reacts sensitively to external influences such as perfumes, cosmetics or sunlight. The reason is its structure and the functioning of the different layers of the skin. Also, in some unusual cases, it can also be the consequence of a skin condition, such as neurodermatitis.
Characteristics of dry skin
The dry skin has a rough touch and has desquamated areas; It is less elastic, it feels tight and irritates easily. The reason is that the skin lacks water and lipids, that is, fats; being essential to keep the protective barrier of the skin intact. The dry skin of the face usually looks harsh, is prone to stress and easily irritated by external factors such as temperature and environment. Its regenerative capacity is diminished and its protective barriers weakened. To recover its hydration balance and activate its protective function, the dry skin of the face needs the right products to take care of it. Facial creams for dry-sensitive skin feature rich textures made with vegetable oils and hydrophilic substances that reinforce the protective barrier of the skin, help maintain their optimal level of hydration and help dry skin recover its firmness and natural beauty.
Dry skin of the face due to aging
Age also plays an important role in dry skin. As we get older, our sebaceous glands and sweat glands work more slowly and give the skinless fat and moisture. This is how it loses its resistance and protection, and it dries up. So, the older we are, the more our skin will dry. Dry skin is more predisposed and accelerates the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.
This is why it is very important not to wait for the first signs of skin aging to appear, such as dryness and wrinkles. Although each person is different, and there are people who must intensify their routine of care from a younger age, once they turn 30, start applying regularly day cream, night cream, and eye contour, and complement your care routine of the face with facial masks. Make sure your facial cream, besides moisturizing, contains anti-aging ingredients.
Main causes of skin dryness
Having dry skin may be due to hereditary or congenital factors. In this type of skin, the production of sebum and the regulation of the level of hydration are altered. This causes peeling, itching, redness and even inflammation that may be aggravated by external factors.The cold, the heating, the wind or the environmental dryness dehydrate the skin and can irritate it a lot, affecting its natural protective barrier. The consequences are therefore very visible in the coldest times of the year.Water also has a dehydrating effect when temperatures are too high. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid long baths or showers of very hot water.
Often, improper care can also cause dry skin. Many toiletries, such as shower gels with detergents, damage the skin more than they benefit. We recommend that you use these types of products in moderation and that you prefer rehydration products such as NIVEA Natural Oil Shower Gel.
Dry skin: what happens below the surface?
The natural factor of hydration (FNH), on the one hand, is responsible for keeping the hydration levels of the skin in balance. It is a mixture of several metabolites, sweat, and sebum that maintains hydration and prevents the skin from drying out. Therefore, if the natural hydration factor is too low, the skin dries.
On the other hand, cutaneous lipids are also very important when regulating water balance.
These lipids form a natural protective barrier and minimize the loss of water. If the skin lacks lipids, tightness and redness can quickly appear. Finally, it is interesting to note that there are dry skins that have both a low hydration factor and a lack of lipids. The level of severity of redness, irritation or desquamation will, therefore, depend on the structure of the skin in question.